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Grades & Belts
Each belt in Jiu-Jitsu denotes a level of skill achieved. There are eight coloured belts before black belt, known as kyu, and then increasing levels of black belt, known as dan. In order to progress to the next belt, you must complete the required grading. The requirements for each grade are summarised here:
White Belt (8th kyu)- All beginners start as white belts. You'll be taught the basic movements and techniques.
Yellow Belt (7th kyu)- To pass this belt you'll need to know: basic break-falling, strikes and locks, three basic throws and defences from basic grabs and attacks.
Orange Belt (6th kyu)- More advanced break-falling, five additional throws, three additional arm locks, kicks, ground holds, body grab defences, defences from cosh.
Green Belt (5th kyu)- Seven more throws, advanced hold downs, headlocks, counters to arm locks, ground restraints, defence from knife and broken bottle.
Purple Belt (4th kyu)- Eleven additional throws, additional headlocks and counters, defence from bokken (sword) and chain and multiple unarmed attackers. Candidates must also have passed their assistant instructor qualification.
Light Blue Belt (3rd kyu)- Nine additional throws, defence from multiple armed attackers, wrist lock throws, strangles and counters, defence whilst prone.
Dark Blue Belt (2nd kyu)- Eight additional throws, leg locks and counters, defence using baton. Candidates must also have passed the instructor qualification.
Brown Belt (1st kyu)- Eight additional throws, full knowledge of nage-no-kata, Defence against any weapon including live blades, Defence at close quarters. Candidates must also have completed the club instructor qualification. Brown belt is the first full teaching grade.
Black Belt (1st Dan)- Candidates for black belt must have been teaching as a brown belt for a minimum of two years, and must have passed a verification grading.